Greenhouse gas emissions: Data that makes a difference!Jun 6, 2013
A new inventory of national greenhouse gas emissions has just been launched by the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning and UNDP, developed to help the country meet the requirements of the International Convention on Climate Change.
The information in this database will be valuable for policy-makers in their efforts to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and mitigate the effects of climate change. The level of data accuracy has significantly improved and for the first time many new sectors have been included.
Aviation is one of the new sectors included, with data on emissions at a level of detail and accuracy only achieved by a few developed countries in the world!
Some of the most interesting findings about greenhouse gas emissions from other sectors:
- Approximately 74 percent of greenhouse gases are emitted by the energy sector. Most of these emissions come from the use of lignite to produce electricity.
- Most emissions from industry originate from the processing of mineral and metal products, with the cement industry and the production of ferroalloys responsible for over 90 percent of total emissions.
- Emissions from the waste sector account for seven percent of total national emissions. The average share of the waste sector in national emissions in developed countries is two to three percent.The country’s forests absorb 1.77 million tons of carbon dioxide each year. In 2007, however, some 39,612 hectares of forests and grassland were affected by fire, resulting in significantly higher emissions
- By presenting the proportion of emissions produced by each sector of the economy, the inventory provides valuable information for prioritizing efforts and designing technical solutions to reduce greenhouse gases.
- Altogether, the inventory provides important guidance for policy-makers to reduce emissions and help inform the public and media debate on this issue.Reliable greenhouse gas inventories are essential at the international level for assessing national efforts to address climate change and make progress towards meeting the ultimate objective of the Convention on Climate Change.
Comparison with other countries
- The country has 1.7 times lower emissions per capita than the European Union average, and emissions are nearly four times lower than highly industrialized countries like the US.
- This level of emissions per person is similar to rates in Latvia and Turkey.
- Another relevant indicator is energy intensity. According to the greenhouse gas inventory, the country’s carbon intensity is 4.3 times higher than the average in European Union countries.
- The development of the inventory was possible because of the support of the Ministry of Environment and Physical Planning, and the close cooperation with many other governmental institutions and private companies.