Prespa Lake Basin is one of the most ancient freshwater lakes in the world. (Photo: Stefanov/UNDP)

Long-term social and economic development requires responsible management of natural resources, the reduction of environmental hazards, and low carbon development. UNDP helps decision-makers integrate environmental considerations and measures in policies and supports the national capacity to prevent pollution, maintain biodiversity, decrease the negative effects of climate change, implement energy efficiency measures and reduce the risks of natural disasters.

UNDP is providing expert assistance to policy-makers in transposing UN conventions on environmental issues and EU environmental directives into the national legal framework. Specifically, this has involved helping the Government to implement the three major UN conventions on Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Desertification adopted at the Rio Earth Summit of 1992, together with the provisions of the EU Water Framework and the EU Energy Efficiency Directive.