6 Ensure environmental sustainability

Where we are?


Deforestation has increased and it is hoped that the newly adopted Strategy on Sustainable Development of Forestry will stem this trend. (Photo: Kajmakcalan by UNDP)

GOAL:
Integrate the principles of sustainable development into national policies and programmes and reverse the losses of environmental resources; halve by 2015 the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation; have achieved by 2020 significant improvements in the lives of people in terms of safety of their dwellings.

PROGRESS:
Deforestation has increased and it is hoped that the newly adopted Strategy on Sustainable Development of Forestry will stem this trend. The number of protected territories has been steadily increasing: in 2006 the number of protected areas was 16. CO2 emissions per capita in the country are lower than in other transition countries. Between 1997 and 2007, over 97% of the total Ozone Depleting Substances (ODS) consumption were eliminated. The proportion of the population (households) using solid fuels has increased. 88.9% of all households get drinking water from public supply systems, while 59.9% have access to public sewage.

UNDP's work in the country

  • Keeping Lake Prespa clean (Photo: Ljubomir Stefanov/UNDP)

    Restoring hope in the future for Prespa Lake

    “We used to do a lot of things without thinking about the effects on the environment,” says Naume Toskovski, an apple farmer in the Prespa Lakes more

1.69 years
remaining
until 2015

1990 2015
Targets for MDG7
  1. Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes; reverse loss of environmental resources
  2. Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
    • Proportion of land area covered by forest and proportion of species threatened with extinction
    • CO2 emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
    • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
    • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
    • Proportion of total water resources used
    • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  3. Reduce by half the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
    • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
    • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility
  4. Achieve significant improvement in lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers, by 2020
    • Proportion of urban population living in slums