6 Improve maternal health

Where we are?

The maternal death rate has been decreasing, with births being attended by skilled healthcare personnel. (Photo: UNDP/ Andrej Ginovski)

Reduce by three-quarters between 1990 and 2015 the maternal mortality ratio.

The maternal death rate has been decreasing, from 11.5 per 100,000 live births in 1991 to 3.7 in 2003, and 4.4 in 2006, whereas no cases were reported in 2007. The downward maternal mortality rate between 1990 and 2007 is positively correlated with the upward trend of births attended by skilled healthcare personnel.

Targets for MDG 5
  1. Reduce by three quarters the maternal mortality ratio
    • Most maternal deaths could be avoided
    • Giving birth is especially risky in Southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, where most women deliver without skilled care
    • The rural-urban gap in skilled care during childbirth has narrowed
  2. Achieve universal access to reproductive health & inadequate funding for family planning is a major failure in fulfilling commitments to improving women’s reproductive health
    • More women are receiving antenatal care
    • Inequalities in care during pregnancy are striking
    • Only one in three rural women in developing regions receive the recommended care during pregnancy
    • Progress has stalled in reducing the number of teenage pregnancies, putting more young mothers at risk
    • Poverty and lack of education perpetuate high adolescent birth rates
    • Progress in expanding the use of contraceptives by women has slowed & use of contraception is lowest among the poorest women and those with no education